Breast-Feeding & an Anemic Mother
Anemia from iron deficiency is common in lactating women, especially following anemia in pregnancy, explains the MOBI Motherhood International website. Blood loss during labor and insufficient diet are just two possible causes of anemia. Women who suspect they are suffering from anemia should consult with a health care professional immediately as this condition can have a negative impact on breast-feeding and the baby.
Leading Up to Anemia
Anemia doesn't start suddenly. It is the last stage of iron deficiency. Before a diagnosis of anemia a mother will likely experience diminished energy, reduced physical performance and in turn, a greater risk of post-partum depression. These are all symptoms that can easily be mistakenly attributed to general post-partum conditions.
The reduction in immune function from anemia can cause:
- various issues in a breast-feeding mother
- including clogged milk ducts
- slow-healing nipple sores
- according to MOBI Motherhood International
All of these issues can negatively impact the quality and volume of breast milk.
Effect on Baby
Any negative impact to the breasts, such as any of the issues causing diminished quality or volume of the milk, will cause side effects in the baby. Regardless of the direct impact of the illnesses, like mastitis or thrush, the insufficient milk can cause a baby to be more fussy and seemingly hungry all the time. Once the illness subsides, the baby is likely to remain difficult to console and on an erratic feeding pattern. Only in extreme cases will a baby develop anemia as a result of the mother's anemia. There is much debate about how long after birth a baby's iron stores begin to diminish, but generally the consensus is that after 6 months of age, a baby needs an iron supplement. An argument against iron supplementation is that the baby will not become anemic because the breast milk takes what the baby needs, leaving only the mother deficient.
Iron is more readily absorbed by the body when it comes from food sources. Foods high in iron include:
- fortified cereals
- beef liver
- dried fruits
- leafy green vegetables
It is also helpful to consume a food or beverage high vitamin C prior to or following eating a food containing iron to promote optimum absorption.